Basic Components of Your Computer

Your computer contains many moving parts and hardware that make it possible for the user to use it and not need to know what goes on internally. In case you are curious, there are five basic components that make up your computer.

1. Motherboard

The motherboard is made up of the printed circuit boards and receives power from the computer’s power supply. Each component in the computer is attached to the motherboard and thus the motherboard makes the operating system work.

2. Central Processing Unit

The central processing unit (CPU) intakes the data sent from the computer’s user and provides the manipulation or calculation necessary to perform the requested task. Whether you are browsing the web or typing up a document, the CPU reads the code and responds to the user.

3. Random Access Memory

Random access memory (RAM) is the memory in a computer that can be read and changed. Over the years since computers have gotten more advanced, they have increased in the amount of RAM they have. While the computer is on, RAM is working, and when it is turned off, the RAM is lost.

4. Hard Drive

The hard drive on a computer is for long-term storage. Saved documents and applications can be stored through a magnetic process in the hard drive. Within the hard drive there are small platters that spin as its moving head moves back and forth to retrieve data and store it in the hard drive.

5. Video Card

The video card is the reason you are able to see images on your computer. The video card is attached to the monitor with a cable and shows the information within the computer to the user. The way this works is different in a monitor than it is in a laptop, but the way they are connected is essentially the same.