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From top to bottom, Nuevo Vallarta from the sea, Tepic Cathedral, Palm trees in San Blas, Ceboruco Volcano, Aerial view of Sayulita, Compostela Lighthouse and Aerial view of Mexcaltitán Island.

Location of Nayarit in Mexico

Interactive MapCoordinates21°44′38″N 105°13′42″W / 21.743888888889, -105.228333333333Capital TepicEntityState • Country MexicoGovernor

Representation in the Congress of the Union

Miguel Angel Navarro Quintero (see)

• Cecilia Pinedo Alonso• Elena Jimenez Arteaga• Gloria Núñez Sánchez (see)

• Félix Durán Ruíz (MR)• María Bugarín Rodríguez (MR)• Jorge Armando Ortiz (MR)(see) (see) Subdivisions20 municipalitiesHistorical events • FoundationJanuary 26, 1917[1][2]AreaRanked 23rd of 32 • Total27,857 km²Altitude • Average278 m • technology Maximum(Cerro El Vijía)2,760 m Population (2020)Ranked 29th of 32 • Total1,235,456 [3] • Density44.41 hab/km²24GentilicionayaritaPIB (PPP)Ranked 30th out of 32 • Total (2019)USD 18,075 million • GDP per capitaUSD 14,629HDI 0.785 (13th of 32) – HighTime ZoneUTC−7 • in summerUTC -6Postal code63[4]Code Lada311, 325, 322, 323, 324 and 389Registration18ISO 3166-2MX-NAY[5]Order28th Decree of Congress admitting the Territory of Tepic as a State.Official website

Nayarit, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Nayarit, is one of the thirty-one states that, along with Mexico City, make up Mexico. [6][7] Its capital and most populous city is Tepic. It is divided into twenty municipalities.

It is located in the west of the country, bordering Sinaloa and Durango to the north, Zacatecas to the east, Jalisco to the east and south and the Pacific Ocean to the west, where it also has the Marías Islands, Isabel Island, Tres Marietas and La Peña Farallón. With 1 181 050 habs. in 2015 it is the fourth least populated state —ahead of Campeche, Baja California Sur and Colima—, with 27,815 km², the ninth least extensive —ahead of Tabasco, State of Mexico, Hidalgo, Querétaro, Colima, Aguascalientes, Morelos and Tlaxcala— and with 39.01 hab/km², the ninth least densely populated, ahead of Quintana Roo, Coahuila, Zacatecas,Sonora, Campeche, Chihuahua, Durango and Baja California Sur.

It was founded on January 26, 1917 after the status of the Territory of Tepic, which in turn had been founded on December 12, 1884 after it was erected with territory of Jalisco.

In addition to its capital, other important localities are Nuevo Vallarta, Valle de Banderas (both in the municipality of Bahía de Banderas), Ixtlán del Río, San Blas, Santiago Ixcuintla, Acaponeta, Compostela, Jala, Santa María del Oro, Rosamorada, Xalisco, San Pedro Lagunillas, Tecuala and Huajicori.

The word Nayarit comes from the cora, which is the ethnonym with which the Cora Naáyarite people are named (singular: Naáyari). Nayarit means: “Son of God who is in heaven and in the Sun.” [8]History[edit]

Nayarit was one of the last territories admitted as a state of the Mexican federation, which occurred on January 1, 1917. [1]​

By Decree, on March 13, 1837, the Department of Tepic was created, in accordance with Article 8 of the Constitutional Bases and Laws of the Mexican Republic of October 23, 1835; which had an area of 1868 square leagues and its population was 62,620 inhabitants. It was divided into 2 municipalities: Tepic and Ahuacatlán.

In 1838 the Department of Tepic had a population of 67,180 inhabitants. Previously it was known as the 7th Canton of Jalisco, a name that it resumed on September 18, 1846 once the state of Jalisco was integrated into the Federal Pact, constituting 5 Departments: Acaponeta, Ahuacatlán, Sentispac (today Santiago Ixcuintla), Compostela and Tepic.

In the year of 1858 the 7th Canton of Jalisco registered a population of 74 538 inhabitants. Miguel Miramón decreed the creation of the Territory of Tepic on December 24, 1859. Shortly after the department of Nayarit had 97,000 inhabitants and was divided into 6 districts: Tepic, Ahuacatlán, Compostela, Acaponeta, Santiago and San Luis. Federalism restored, it became the Military District of Tepic, which was erected by Decree of August 7, 1867 issued by President Benito Juárez García; it was constituted in 11 municipalities: Ahuacatlán, Jala, Villa de Ixtlán, Compostela, San Pedro Lagunillas, Santiago Ixcuintla, Acaponeta, Tepic, Tuxpan, San Blas and Xalisco.

In the year of 1877 the Military District of Tepic had a population of 95,000 inhabitants, thus registering a population decrease caused without a doubt by the constant disturbances of the time. Subsequently, on December 18, 1884, it was elevated to the rank of federal territory of Tepic with the name of Tepic. This territory was administered by the federal government until 1917, when the territory was constituted as a sovereign state. Tepic is the largest city and the capital of the state, which is conurbated with the Municipality of Xalisco. It is followed in importance by the metropolitan area of Bahía de Banderas, Santiago Ixcuintla, Tuxpan, Ixtlán del Río, Acaponeta, Compostela, Tecuala, Estación Ruiz, Villa Hidalgo.

Cerro El Vigía, highest point in Nayarit with approximately 2,760 meters above sea level.

It is located in the northwest of the territory of Mexico. It borders the states of Sinaloa, Durango and Zacatecas to the north, and the state of Jalisco to the east and south. To the west it has an important coastal strip in the Pacific Ocean, where it also has the Marías Islands, Isabel Island, Tres Marietas and Farallón La Peña.

It is divided into 20 municipalities. Its capital is Tepic. Other important localities are Nuevo Vallarta, Valle de Banderas (both in the municipality of Bahía de Banderas), Santiago Ixcuintla, Acaponeta, Compostela, Santa María del Oro, Rosamorada, Xalisco, San Pedro Lagunillas and Huajicori.

The state is divided into 20 municipalities:[9]

The average annual temperature of the state is 24 ° C, the average minimum temperatures are around 12 to 14 ° C in the month of January and the average maximums can be slightly higher than 28 ° C during the months of May and June.

The rains occur in the summer during the months of May to September, the average rainfall of the state is annual.

The warm, semi-warm and temperate climate is somewhat favorable for the cultivation of: corn, beans, sorghum, tobacco, rice, watermelon, peanuts, tomatoes, dried chili, sugar cane, coffee, mango, banana, avocado, nopal, lemon, cucumber, onion, jicama, nanchi, serrano pepper. Hydrography[edit]

Nayarit’s hydrological currents flow into the Pacific Ocean. These are: Ameca River, Grande de Santiago River, San Pedro Mezquital River, Acaponeta River, Cañas River and others of minor importance such as the Bolaños River, the Huaynamota River and the Chapalagana River; and also the estuary of Teacapán and the estuary of Cuautla.

There are also estuarine waters of Agua Brava lagoon, Mexcaltitán lagoon and El Pescadero lagoon and in the southern part are the Santa María del Oro lagoon, the Tepetiltic lagoon and the San Pedro lagoon.

The predominant climate in the entity is warm, concentrating mainly along a strip that goes from north to south, located precisely in the transition zone between the Pacific Coastal Plain and the Sierra Madre Occidental.

To a lesser extent, temperate climates are distributed mainly in the mountains.

Very warm climates are restricted to coastal areas and in the lower areas of the valleys of the Huaynamota River and San Pedro Mezquital River.

The vegetation is distributed in an irregular mosaic, whose formation depends on the prevailing factors of the climate and the soil found in the region.

In Nayarit, there are the following types of vegetation:Coniferous forestPine forestTemperate forestPine-oak forestOak forestWarm forestGeology[edit]